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Statistics On Domestic Violence:

A National Crises

March 7, 2012 Expanded Violence Against Women Act renewed
President Obama signed expanded protections for domestic violence victims into law Thursday, renewing a measure credited with curbing attacks against women a year and a half after it lapsed amid partisan bickering.

The revitalized Violence Against Women Act also marked an important win for gay rights advocates and Native Americans, who will see new protections under the law, and for Obama, whose attempts to push for a renewal failed last year after they became entangled in gender politics and the presidential election.

Factsheet on Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

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June 25, 2013

Now Available Online, the Final Installment of The Partner Abuse State of Knowledge Project Published In Volume 4, Number 2, 2013

http://www.springerpub.com/product/19466560?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=52813%20Social%20Work%20%20Counseling%20-%20Author%20Use&utm_content=52813%20Social%20Work%20%20Counseling%20-%20Author%20Use+Preview+CID_3779c006ad0eddad21c671c75e620881&utm_source=MyemailFX&utm_term=Read%20More%20or%20Buy%20Now#.UcnhiZrD8eE

Description

Partner Abuse, a peer-reviewed journal, recognizes that physical and emotional abuse among dating, cohabitating and married partners is as a major public health and social problem in North America and around the world. Its purpose is to advance knowledge, practice and policies through a commitment to rigorous, objective research and evidence-based solutions. In addition to original research papers and literature reviews, the journal welcomes viewpoints and commentaries on the topic of partner abuse, as well as clinical case studies, book reviews and letters to the editor. Articles are sought on the following topics:
  • Prevalence and characteristics of partner abuse
  • Partner abuse context and dynamics
  • Emotional abuse and control (including stalking and sexual coercion)
  • Etiology and risk factors
  • Partner abuse and substance abuse
  • Partner abuse worldwide
  • Partner abuse in ethnic minority populations
  • Partner abuse in the LGBT community
  • Physical and psychological impact of PA and victim issues
  • The effects of partner abuse on children (short term, and long term into adolescence and adulthood)
  • The relationship between partner abuse and other forms of family abuse
  • Partner abuse in disputed child custody cases
  • Assessment tools and protocols
  • BIPs: Characteristics, processes and outcome studies
  • Working with female perpetrators
  • Individual, couples and family interventions
  • Restorative justice and other community based models
  • Victim services
  • Prevention Programs
  • Laws and policies related to partner abuse, including standards for batterer intervention and policies on arrest and prosecution

Partner Abuse seeks to advance research, treatment and policy on partner abuse in new directions. A basic premise of the journal is that partner abuse and family violence is a human problem, and that the particular role of gender in the etiology, perpetration and consequences of emotional and physical partner abuse cannot be assumed, but rather must be subjected to the same empirical scrutiny as any other factor. Just as treatment decisions ought to be based on sound assessment protocols, policies on partner abuse ought to be based on an understanding of the full range of available research, without regard to political considerations. The journal is therefore open to original research papers and articles on controversial subjects such as mutual abuse, family violence, female perpetrators, male victims, alternative types of batterer intervention programs, couples and family counseling, and the limitations of current arrest and prosecution policies such as mandatory arrest and one-size-fits-all" mandated batterer treatment. Contributions are also sought on partner abuse within the LGBT community and among ethnic minority groups.

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The latest information Nov. 27, 2012 from the Bureau Of Justice Statistics (BJS) on Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2010
Shannan M. Catalano, Ph.D.

November 27, 2012    NCJ 239203

Presents data on nonfatal intimate partner violence among U.S. households from 1993 to 2010. Intimate partner violence includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault by a current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend. This report presents trends in intimate partner violence by sex, and examines intimate partner violence against women by the victim’s age, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, and household composition. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes reported and not reported to the police from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households.

Highlights:

  • From 1994 to 2010, the overall rate of intimate partner violence in the United States declined by 64%, from 9.8 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older to 3.6 per 1,000.
  • Intimate partner violence declined by more than 60% for both males and females from 1994 to 2010.
  • From 1994 to 2010, about 4 in 5 victims of intimate partner violence were female.
  • Females ages 18 to 24 and 25 to 34 generally experienced the highest rates of intimate partner violence.
  • Compared to every other age group, a smaller percentage of female victims ages 12 to 17 were previously victimized by the same offender.
  • The rate of intimate partner violence for Hispanic females declined 78%, from 18.8 victimizations per 1,000 in 1994 to 4.1 per 1,000 in 2010.
  • Females living in households comprised of one female adult with children experienced intimate partner violence at a rate more than 10 times higher than households with married adults with children and 6 times higher than households with one female only.

Press Release
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Help for using BJS products

About the Source Data
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

To cite this product, use the following link:
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=4536

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Past information on Intimate Homicide Victims by Gender

Source: FBI, Supplementary Homicide Reports, 1976-2004. 
Date of release: June 29, 2006. Due to refinements in the analysis, the data presented may differ from previous editions. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/intimates.htm 2004.

Note: This information was originally from the link above. Please note that in 2013 the link is no longer active. Howerver the Bureau of Justice still has statistics on Intimate Partner Violence. http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=4536

Intimate Homicide Victims by Gender
  Gender of Victim
Year
Male
Female
Total 
  Change


% Change
1976 1348 1596 2944
1977 1288 1430 2718 -226 -7.7%
1978 1193 1480 2673 -45 -1.7%
1979 1260 1506 2766 93 3.5%
1980 1217 1546 2763 -3 -0.1%
1981 1268 1567 2835 72 2.6%
1982 1135 1480 2615 -220 -7.8%
1983 1112 1461 2573 -42 -1.6%
1984 988 1439 2427 -146 -5.7%
1985 956 1546 2502 75 3.1%
1986 979 1584 2563 61 2.4%
1987 927 1486 2413 -150 -5.9%
1988 848 1578 2426 13 0.5%
1989 895 1411 2306 -120 -4.9%
1990 853 1493 2346 40 1.7%
1991 773 1503 2276 -70 -3.0%
1992 718 1448 2166 -110 -4.8%
1993 698 1571 2269 103 4.8%
1994 684 1403 2087 -182 -8.0%
1995 544 1315 1859 -228 -10.9%
1996 506 1310 1816 -43 -2.3%
1997 445 1209 1654 -162 -8.9%
1998 502 1310 1812 158 9.6%
1999 418 1204 1622 -190 -10.5%
2000 425 1238 1663 41 2.5%
2001 392 1194 1586 -77 -4.6%
2002 378 1193 1571 -15 -0.9%
2003 371 1163 1534 -37 -2.4%
2004 385 1159 1544 10 0.7%
Total Victims
23506
40823
64329

 

 

Reduction of number of victims (men and women) from 1976 and 2004

-1400
-47.6%
 

Murder by intimates

Domestic Violence: - Everyone's Issue

Female murder victims are substantially more likely than male murder victims to have been killed by an intimate.

In recent years - From US Department of Justice-Office of Justice Programs http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/intimates.htm 2004

  • About one third of female murder victims were killed by an intimate.
  • About 3% of male murder victims were killed by an intimate.
  • Of all female murder victims, the proportion killed by an intimate declined slightly until 1995 when the proportion began increasing, although it has stabilized recently.
  • Of male murder victims, the proportion killed by an intimate has dropped.<

By the mid 1990's, at least fifteen hundred women each year were murder victimes from domestic violence.

Fifteen hundred Silent Witnesses from all fifty states participated in the  first Washington, DC 1994 "March to End the Silence". Each state's Silent Witnesses represented the number of women murdered by domestic homicide in one year of the state's history. (Silent Witness National Initiative)

American women have more to fear from the men they know and once loved than from any stranger. (Jane Brody, New York Times)

A third of all women's injuries coming into our emergency rooms are no accident. Most are the result of deliberate, premeditated acts of violence. And frequently they occur over and over until the woman is killed. (Dr. Kevin Fullin, American Medical Association, public service ad, Time magazine)

Thirty-four percent of the women homicide victims over age 15 are killed by their husbands, ex-husbands or boyfriends. (National Women Abuse Prevention Project)

Approximately two-thirds of reported domestic violence incidents are classified as "simple assaults," which is a misdemeanor rather than a felony. But up to 50 percent of these "simple assaults" result in physical injuries that are as, or more, serious than 90 percent of all rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults. (NOW Legal Defense Fund)

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Violence Begins at Home; Children and Crime as a Result of Domestic Violence

Eighty-one percent of men who batter had fathers who abused their mothers. (New Jersey Dept. of Community Affairs, Division on Women)

Children who grow up in violent homes have a 74% higher likelihood of committing criminal assaults. (Survey of Massachusetts Dept. of Youth Services)

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Costs of Domestic Violence in the Workplace

Each year, medical expenses from domestic violence total at least $3 to $5 billion. Businesses forfeit another $100 million in lost wages, sick leave, absenteeism and non-productivity. (Colorado Domestic Violence Coalition)

Who Is At Greatest Risk for Domestic Violence?

Women ages 20 to 34, and increasingly, adolescent girls. Women who abuse alcohol or other drugs or whose partners do. Women who are poor. Women attempting to leave their abusers. Battered women increase their risk for murder when they try to escape. (New York City Department of Health)

No matter what the rate of violence or who initiates the violence, women are 7 to 10 times more likely to be injured in acts of intimate violence than are men. (Bureau of Justice Statistics)

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Domestic Violence: A Generational Infection

From US Department of Justice-OFfice of Justice Programs http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/intimates.htm

Between 1976 and 2004 --

  • the number of white females killed by intimates rose in the mid-1980's, then declined after 1993 reaching the lowest recorded in 2002.The number increased slightly after 2002.

  • the number of intimate homicides for all other race and gender groups declined over the period; the number of black males killed by intimates dropped by 82%, black females by 56%, white males by 55%, and white females 5%.

"Domestic Violence is an infection that has weakened the underpinnings of society's structure...a contagion that has ravaged the human spirit for generations." Jane Zeller, Co-director, Silent Witness National Initiative. U.S. Department of Justice Conference: S.T.O.P. Violence Against Women.

"Children immersed in a culture of violence become insecure and lack an inner conscience that holds respect for others. They are easily discouraged and have low self-esteem. They live without hope. From such a life comes confusion, hostility and violence." Roger Toogood, ASW/ACSW Executive Director, Children's Home Society of Minnesota

"Although young people are disproportionately represented on both sides of the knife, or gun, it is important to consider their experiences as part of a larger picture of violence in America...Violence does not drop out of the sky. It is part of a long developmental process that begins in early childhood...at home." An excerpt from a study done by The American Psychological Association

"Beatings, gunshot wounds and stabbings all occur in the world of drug and alcohol-related events. Of more sobering influence is the knowledge that it is not only the 'criminal element' who is involved in such incidents, but also those people who engage in the daily production machinery of America - lawyers, physicians, teachers." G. Richard Holt, M.D., MSE, MPH President of the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Inc.

"Approximately one third of the men counseled for battering are professional men who are well respected in their jobs and in their communities. These have included doctors, physiologists, lawyers, ministers and business executives." David Adams, "Identifying the Assaultive Husband in Court: You Be the Judge." Boston Bar Journal, July/August, 1989.

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